Ironies of Citizenship: Skin Color, Police Brutality, and the Challenge to Democracy in Brazil.

Brazil became democratization after 1985, but the actual practices still couldn’t catch up with formal principles. The article reveals the criminal justice system in Brazil discriminate Afro-Brazilians: they are more likely to be the victims of assaults by polices and less likely to get protection by polices. These discriminatory phenomena in Brazil reflect that the democratic system in Brazil is unstable and imperfect. Comparing to the United States, are Brazil experiences similar? What do you think?

Reference:

Mitchell, M. J., & Wood, C. H. (1999). Ironies of Citizenship: Skin Color, Police Brutality, and the Challenge to Democracy in Brazil. Social Forces, 77(3), 1001-1020.

https://academic.oup.com/sf/article/77/3/1001/2233808

 

 

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