At the beginning, our group research was on multiple different topics. Now, since we are at the end of our research, it is obvious that our group has began to narrow our topics into three different sections. When searching for topics, we still refer to the Olins Library database and Google scholar. Now looking at our research page, it is evident that there are two main subjects for our research such as: . Unfortunately, our group had a lot of trouble meeting with our science librarian Patti due to schedule conflicts. One member of the group was able to reach her via email, so Taylor and the librarian talked back an forth about furthering her research. The librarian still told us to narrow our topics and to use the same sources that are relevant to the natural sciences. As stated in our last process post, she told us to visit Academic Database Premier, Science Direct College edition, JSTOR, and web of science. We did take her advice and narrowed our topics. As well, we also typed in different key words to help find more research on our certain topics. One of the main things that we found in our group was the overall progression of science from the early twentieth century to present day. Scientists, physicians and researchers had very different opinions about race and biology in the twentieth century when compared to today. This will be a main point that we will discuss in our group class presentation Our group has done a great job collecting, analyzing, and interpreting all of the research. Fingers crossed for our presentations next week!
Efstathiou, Sophia. “The Nazi Cosmetic: Medicine in the Service Of Beauty”. Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, vol. 43, 2012, pp. 634-642. ScienceDirect. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.shpsc.2012.05.002 . Accessed 09 March 2017.
This article is a little different than all of our other research articles because it has an international component. A lot of our research recently has been done on the Eugenical Sterilization movement that was done in the United States. Well, according to my article titled “ ‘The Germans are Beating Us at Our Own Game’ ”, it discusses how the American eugenics movement persuaded and served as the basis for the Nazi Socialist racial hygiene movement. I thought this article was important because it backs up the other article by Egbert Klautke. In this article, it discusses how the Nazi party practiced their forms of medicine and the racial hygiene movement. I am aware that this article is not directly related to the United States, but it does specify how the Nazi’s derived some of their genetic and racism from the United States. The Nazi party was more focused on the whole, rather than the parts (individuals). They “promote[d] the procreation of the ‘fit’ while refraining from counter-selecting the ‘unfit’ ” (636). Unfortunately, the Nazi Socialist party became more immoral with their racial hygiene movement and it eventually led to mass genocide to the Jewish population and other minority groups. Overall, I think this article is interesting to read to see what ideas were based off of America. Even though Klautke’s piece is more related to the United States ties with Germany, it still shows the aesthetic influences on Nazi medicine and practices.
Gould, Steven J. “Morton’s Ranking of Races by Cranial Capacity.” American Association for the Advancement of Science, vol. 200, no. 4341, 1978, pp. 503-509. JSTOR. http://www.jstor.org/stable/1746562. Accessed 2 March 2017.
The reason I chose this article is because it is about cranial capacity and it was written in 1978. I searched for a piece of work written before the year 2000 because I wanted to see if the perceptions of Gould were different than today. After reading the piece, Gould’s overall interpretation seemed very similar to if someone would have written it in 2017. This piece discusses and examines Samuel George Morton’s scientific research cranial capacity. Morton had the world’s largest collection of skulls that represented various racial groups such as: Eskimo, Indian, Caucasian, African-American, etc. His skull collection was based off of a hierarchy system in which Anglo-Saxon/Tuetonic were at the top and Black were at the bottom. Gould looked over Morton’s work and realized that there were many problems that Morton did not fix. The first was that Morton chose to include and or delete large subsamples in order to keep his priori expectations the same. He also assumed that cranial capacity only reflected mental ability, so when he got his desired result he considered it complete. Morton also failed to make differences on the two sexes. Overall, the main reason for Morton’s scientific experiment was to show racial ranking and to confirm the stereotypes in his study. This article is important to my research because science can be proven to be false. Morton was basing his science off of pre-established racial biases, but it provided as a strong influence on racial ranking back in the 19th/20th century. Many of the misrepresentations and stereotypes that came out of this experiment can still be found in our society today.
Markel, Howard and Alexandra Minna Stern. “Which Face? Whose Nation? Immigration, Public Health, and the Construction of Disease at America’s Ports and Borders, 1891-1928.” The American Behavioral Scientist, vol. 42, no.9, 1999, pp.1314-1331. SAGE. https://doi.org/10.1177/00027649921954921. Accessed 2 March 2017.
Since this is my third post for research, I wanted to look up an article that was published before 2000. The reason I did this is because I wanted to read something from a different perspective in time. Articles written today are going to have a different perspective than papers written over 17 years ago. This piece by Markel and Stern discusses the major health concerns and stereotyping that occurred at the beginning of the 20th century. The national health association was very strict on keeping America and its citizens clean from infectious diseases, deleterious genetic traits and chronic conditions/disabilities. The article focuses on four different ports/border patrols such as: Ellis Island (New York), Angel Island (San Francisco), Port Huron and Detroit (Michigan), and finally El Paso and Laredo (Texas-Mexico border). This piece is important to my research and the group research because it establishes how immigration was first treated in America. The large waves of Immigrants bombarded the American shores and the treatment at these health agencies determined how Americans would view immigrants today. Many of the inspections were based on the hierarchies of class and socioeconomic standing. As well, certain types of diseases were more common from other parts of the world, so immigrants would be examined differently depending on their geographical locations. Local/regional social, physical and cultural forces were all considered during the immigration inspections. Our country was basing a persons citizenship into the country by skin color, facial features, and associations with a particular illness/disease. Sadly, this is why there are still so many problems today because of all the negative stereotypes and connotations of immigration groups.
Overall, the process for our group started out a little unsure but we are now beginning to narrow our topics. When searching for topics, we always refer to the Olin Library database and Google Scholar. After our first research post, it was evident that our research was all over the board. Every participant searched up a different topic, but it provided a solid base for our overall research. Before meeting with the librarian, some group member were stuck on how to find more information about their topic. As well, some did not understand how to narrow our topics to find more information. After meeting with the librarian, our group felt way more confident in finding research for our WordPress site. She told us how to narrow our topics and where to find more sources that are relevant to the natural sciences. She told us to visit Academic Database Premier, Science Direct College edition, JSTOR, and web of science. Another thing she explained was for us to change our search terms and key words in order to find more results. One of the most beneficial tips she gave us was to look at the citation list at the end of our research articles to find closely related topics of research. At the moment, our big topics are Implicit Bias and Race, the Human Genome Project, Cranial Capacity, and Genetic studies. Over the next few weeks, our topics will begin to become more narrow and specific as we read more scholarly articles. Our group is doing pretty well in the overall process and hopefully we will have an “ah ha” moment soon”.