Wilson, Philip K. “Harry Laughlin’s eugenic crusade to control the ‘socially inadequate’ in Progressive Era America”. Patterns of Prejudice, vol. 36, no. 1, 2010, pp. 49-67. Routledge: Taylor and Francis Group. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/003132202128822367. Accessed 29 March 2017.
This article not only discusses multiple components of the Eugenical Sterilization process, but how Harry Laughlin controlled a large part of the eugenical cleanse. Recently, I have been focusing a lot of my own independent research on the eugenics movement that occurred in the United States during the Progressive Era. This article is useful to my research because it goes into more detail about the man behind a lot of the laws and processes that occurred within this cleanse. It starts with how Laughlin gets his foot in the door and ends with him being completely jobless due to the outcome of World War II. At first, the article explains Laughlin’s background as a science professor and how he was interested in the study of genetics and breeding. Laughlin eventually becomes the supervisor for the Eugenics Record Office, the ERO, and is in charge of facilitating multiple missions. As more social awareness was brought to eugenics, there was also an increase internationally and also an appreciation for Social Darwinism. In 1923, Laughlin visited Europe to investigate emigrant-exporting nations. When he returned to the United States, he contacted the House Committee to discuss the new immigration law that would be enacted in 1924. Laughlin was also given an honorary doctorate award from the University of Heidelberg, Germany, but this was eventually frowned upon by many people. Towards the end of the article, it explains that the ERO is closed down because the Nazi regime adopted the American eugenic sterilization process from Laughlin and others. The end of the article discusses how a form of eugenics is still used today, but it is not as intense as the process found in the beginning of the twentieth century. Overall, this article supports all of my other research that I have found. Even though this article was not very detailed on the actual processes of eugenical sterilization it still is a great article to help further my research.