Rich, Paul. “Race, Science, and the Legitimization of White Supremacy in South Africa, 1902-1940.” The International Journal of African Historical Studies, vol. 23, no. 4, 1990, pp. 665–686., Accessed 20 Feb 2017.

Segregation was a sought after end point in South Africa during the 20th century. There was a clear desire to incorporate modern and ‘scientific’ modes of discourse within the segregationist views. This paper attempts to show how this discourse was an important part of the South African debate on race before the emergence of apartheid.  There were rapidly growing connections in the inter-national scientific community so therefore, this way of thinking appealed to the those who supported segregation. They began to search for ways to differentiate human beings based on their race; emphasizing aspects of human difference rather than similarity. They assumed that there was a human hierarchy where the Anglo-Saxon race sat on the top. The ‘scientific’ evidence found though was very open-ended because it could be used to support a variety of predictions regarding the future. Although, the belief of Anglo-Saxon superiority was prevalent, no one really believed that Africans would die out in the face of advancing white colonial settlement which was in contrast to the views held by many others. Overall, the racism in South Africa sought significantly less ‘scientific’ experts than in the United States during the same period.