In this book review of Jared Taylor’s “White Identity: Racial Consciousness in the 21st Century,” Dwight Murphey pulls out several notable quotes from the book and discusses/reviews Taylor’s work. Two quotes that stuck out to me were: “Most non-whites take pride in their race and cultivate racial consciousness…Whites do the reverse: They condemn white racial pride and shun anyone who would work for explicitly ‘white goals.'” and “For many minorities, race or ethnicity is central to their identity.” The long-standing American ideal of assimilation into American culture has given way to diversity’s celebration of each ethnicity’s retaining its identity. America stands for the inclusion of the diversity of all races. Why is race central to minorities identities, but not whites identities? Why do Whites shy away from their racial consciousness? What part does race play in an individual’s identity?
The meta-analysis examined the relationships of racial identity, ethnic identity, and racial socialization to discrimination to discover which constructs most strongly correlate to racial discrimination and psychological distress. Results indicated that racial discrimination was significantly and positively related to psychological distress. Black Americans who perceived more racial discrimination scored higher in the aspects of racial identity and socialization. “People who report greater affiliation or sense of belonging with Black Americans were more likely to perceive experiences of discrimination,” but are “less likely to report experiencing distress.” Ultimately ,”Our results support conclusions that Black Americans who adopt positive views about their race, have stronger ties with the Black American community, and are in advanced statuses of racial identity development are less likely to report distress in relation to discrimination.” Overall the researchers expressed a need for more data and research to be done to draw more specific conclusions, however this made me wonder Why people with firm beliefs in their identity and racial community report less distress is relation to discrimination? How does racial confidence play a role in discrimination and identity?
Psychology continues to grow with an intersectional perspective on social identities. Intersectionality captures the idea that social identities that stem from group memberships, “are organizing features of social relationships, and these social identities mutually constitute, reinforce, and naturalize one another, creating both oppression and opportunity for the individual.” Intersectionality-as-theory offers insight into the process of identity development. For example, labeling such as “a man,” “Latino,” and “gay” informs an intersection of aspects of ones identity. When studying, psychologists cannot simply treat gender and race as fixed categories. Each identifier has an attached social meaning shaped by each individual’s experiences.
Basically, the generalization of men and women is impossible.
Why have categories or labels, when each category/label is subject to each individual person? What is the purpose for categorization? How does it play a role in developing one’s identity?
Study was done to examine whether race and gender are associated with reasons for which adults perceive a situation or object as fearful. One of the research questions was “Are adults’ perceptions of objects or situations as fearful associated with race and gender?” Analyses determined that the association between respondents’ race and gender and fear codes revealed that White women were significantly more likely to endorse external locus of control and white respondents in general (both men and women) were more likely to endorse past experiences when describing their understanding of fear than their African American counterparts.
Areas for discussion:
Media portrays white women as the victims of violent crimes, when in fact Black women are more likely to be victims of crimes. Why do white women report the most fear? Why are African American women less fearful?
White men report the least fear. Proof that White men are still on top?
African Americans were shown to have lower fear associations; could this be because of their low social positioning and years of discrimination and institutionalized racism?
Abbi Van Hook brings about the question of what makes up ones identity? We must focus our identity on not just our culture, but also our heritage. Identity is not just made up by one thing, but rather very many aspects including our skin color, where we come from, who we are shaped by, and the customs we value and share.
“There are many factors that make up our identity, so my question for you, is which factors are you leaving out?” This quote proves that our identity can be told by what we decide to include in our own personal narratives.
The Intersections of Sexuality, Gender, and Race: Identity Research at the Crossroads by Leah R. Warner & Stephanie A. Shields
The article looks at the similarities of race and gender; it spotlights how intersectional positions within the range of sexual minority identities articulate with multiple other dimensions of identity, including gender, racial ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and age.