From his boyhood, Hienrich Schliemann, believed that the tales related by Homer in his Iliad were works of history rather than fiction. As an adult, he dedicated his life to finding and excavating the places sung about in the epic poems related to the Trojan War. Schliemann had little more than the poems themselves to use in formulating his plans for searching out these sites. The location of Troy was one of the greatest mysteries, a mystery that Schliemann helped to solve when he joined Frank Clavert in his excavations at the site of Hissarlik in 1871.
Archaeologists often still have to employ some of the methods of examining primary documents that Schliemann enlisted in order to tease out details that can be used in a conversation with the archaeological remains they find in order to develop ideas about how ancient societies work.
How would you do about looking for Troy if you only had the information contained within the Iliad? What details or elements of the poem would you use to narrow your search for the fabled city? How would you proceed?