Maryland in Revolutionary America
- Few battles happened in Maryland during the Revolution, and none were big or significant
- First Maryland troops that joined George Washington’s army, was a group of riflemen. Commanded by Captain Michael Cresap, they left Frederick on July 18 and arrived in Cambridge Massachusetts on August 9, 1775.
- The men were dressed in hunting shirts and moccasins and armed with tomahawks and rifles.
- The quota of Maryland troops was about 3,405 men.
- The Maryland troops were Washington’s favorite. He was able to rely on them, and was certain they would diligently perform their duties. In regard to personal bravery, there were no superiors in the army.
- In 1779 Maryland had yet to agree to the Articles of Confederation, and was the only state in such circumstances. Maryland refused to join the Confederation because the State believed that the western lands should be common property amongst the Confederate States. They believed the smaller states had contributed just as much for the battle of independence as the larger states.
- The estimated population of Maryland in 1780 is about 245,474
- In 1781, Maryland signed the articles out of fear of negative effects on the unity of the American colonies
- As a result of the Continental Congress meeting taking place in Annapolis, it served as the American capital from November 26, 1783 to June 3, 1784.
- Treaty of Paris that ended the Revolutionary War was ratified in Annapolis on January 14, 1784.
- Each state had individual laws for regulating trade.
- 1785 Maryland laws passed, allotting Congress the power to regulate commerce for thirteen years.
- States had to hold a convention to solve Delegates elected to the Federal Convention from Maryland were James McHenry, Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer, Daniel Carrol, John Francis Mercer, and Luther Martin. Convention held in Philadelphia in 1787, electing George Washington president. The discussions continued for four months, at the end of which the Constitution of the United States was adopted. On April 28, 1788 the Constitution was ratified by Maryland.
Passano, Leonard M. History of Maryland … 2ed. Baltimore: W.J.C. Dulany Co, 1901.