“Rape Victims Take the Blame”

rolly-collyRuiz, Peter. “Rape Victims Take the Blame.” The Sandspur. N.p., 20 Mar. 2014. Web. 02 Oct. 2016. http://www.thesandspur.org/rape-victims-take-blame/

This article is not a peer reviewed source, but it is a post in Rollin’s Colleges newspaper, The Sandspur.  This article was written around 2 years ago, by a male student named Peter Ruiz.  This article discusses the backwards thinking of society and how the victims often take the blame.  Ruiz does a great job at explaining facts about most rapes, including the percentage of males and females who report rape, and the percentage of male’s who are the ones accused of raping.  He also goes over what consent is and how after if one is impaired and says yes it doesn’t count.  He also talks about the “slut shaming” society, and how it extends to include shaming one for what they are wearing, not just who they are sleeping with.  Either way, it is not acceptable to slut shame in any form. He also uses this as an example for one of the reasons why people blame the victim.  People often say things like “oh she is such a slut,” or “she’s already slept with 10 so its not his fault that they had sex.”  These types of phrase put the blame in the wrong place.  The victim should never be blamed.

 

“Child Sexual Assault: Risk Factors for Girls”

End the Silence

End the Silence

            Butler, Amy C. “Child Sexual Assault: Risk Factors for Girls.” Child Abuse & Neglect 37.9 (2013): 643-52. Science Direct. Web. 14 Oct. 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2013.06.009

I find this to be a very heart breaking, yet good and important article.  This article has nothing to do with college students, or even high school students, it has to do with sexual assault of children.  This is an even more taboo topic than sexual assault on college campuses, but it can synthesize well with another one of my articles that is based on sexual assault at college.  The other article talks about how if one has been sexually assaulted or abused before, it is more likely to happen to that individual again.  This article, explains what the risk factors are for young girls that make them more likely to be sexually assaulted.  The study looked at over 1000 girls from their first year of life through their early 20s, in hopes to discover risk factors that play into the role of them being sexually assaulted before the age of 18.  Some of these risk factors were identified as having a mother with less than a college degree,  living with out one or both parents, poverty, etc. In looking at this article we can draw back to the beginning and see if there are anyways that can help prevent these from being risk factors.

“Sexual Assault Victimization Among Female Undergraduates During Study Abroad”

Flack, William F., Jr., Matthew O. Kimble, Brooke E. Campbell, Allyson B. Hopper, Oana Peterca, and Emily J. Heller. “Sexual Assault Victimization Among Female Undergraduates During Study Abroad.” Journal of Interpersonal Violence 20th ser. 30 (2015): 3453-466. Sage Journals. Web. 07 Oct. 2016. http://jiv.sagepub.com.ezproxy.rollins.edu:2048/content/30/20/3453

This article really caught my attention because it was different from just talking about sexual assault on a college campus.  It talks about a case study of study abroad students.  This is interesting because technically the students are still apart of the colleges, but the college has much less ability to help prevent these assaults.  In this study, they discovered that a little under 20% of the students surveyed said that they experienced at least one form of sexual assault.  This study supported other studies that were made before it, and found a positive correlation between alcohol consumption and posttraumatic stress responses with the sexual assaults.  I think that this would be a great thing to compare to regular sexual assaults.  It would also be interesting to discover if there is anything colleges do or can do to help prevent over seas sexual assaults.  This article is informative and states it’s importance by noting that more and more college students are doing study abroad semesters.  Hopefully this will give some good information that I can include in paper 2 or 3.

“Sexual Assaults on Campus”

Colleges with the Most Sexual Assaults (2011-2013)

Colleges with the Most Sexual Assaults (2011-2013)

“Sexual Assaults on Campus.” Sexual Assaults on Campus. Psychguides.com, 2016. Web. 02 Oct. 2016. http://www.psychguides.com/interact/sexual-assaults-on-campus/

This Article is one of the pieces I found when looking at non-scholarly sources.  It specifically mentions Rollins college, and other colleges.  This study shows that Rollins college was the in the top 10 for schools with the most sexual assaults during the years 2011-2013.  The Numbers it gave were around every 57.1 people out of 10,000 would be sexually assaulted.  This number is big, especially since even 1 sexual assault should be considered too many.  This article goes and explains where the most assaults during these years happened, and gives approximations as to how many sexual assaults go unacknowledged.  One thing when looking at the top 20 colleges that I found interesting was about 75% of these colleges are on the east coast.  I’m not sure what or if there is a significance in that but it seemed interesting.  It also points out that even though Public Colleges report more sexual assaults, private colleges report a higher percentage of people assaulted.  At a bigger institution it makes sense for the over all number to be higher because the over all population is higher, but when looking at a certain number out of 10,000, the private schools have a much higher number.  This information will be good for directly addressing Rollins College and the issue of Sexual Assault.

“Sexual Orientation and Sexual Assault Victimization Among US College Students”

Image used from the Twin Cities Daily Planet

Image used from the Twin Cities Daily Planet

This article was very interesting to me, because it went in depth on a topic that is not usually discussed.  When talking about sexual assault on college campuses, people usually reference the heterosexual female, and the statistics that involve her.  The statistics that are just as important, but often over looked are those of sexual minorities. This selection walks us through a study that was done to get data on sexual minorities on college campuses.  The author walks us through what he is hoping to find, how the study was conducted and the results which were discovered.  This article points out that homosexual males, transgender people, and bisexual males and females are all more likely to report sexual assault than heterosexuals.  An interesting fact that was pointed out was homosexual females (Lesbians) are no more likely than heterosexual females to report sexual assault.  This piece is very interesting, because it combines two very large social issues that are seen in college settings.  LGBTQ+ equality is a huge, and it is important that we focus just as much on preventing sexual minority sexual assault as it is preventing heterosexual sexual assault.

“Sexual Orientation and Sexual Assault Victimization Among US College Students.” The Social Science Journal. 2nd ed. Vol. 53. N.p.: Elsevier, 2016. 174-83. ScienceDirect. Web. 24 Sept. 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soscij.2016.02.007.

“College Sexual Assault: A Call for Trauma Informed Prevention”

20% is much too high!

20% is much too high! Image from Mother Jones Website

This source is a Peer Reviewed source that I found through the Rollins Library Database.  In this source, the authors give many fact that were proven about sexual assault on college campus.  The facts are taken and cited from what seem to be very credible sources.  Not only does she list the facts, but she also goes into individual studies that she found helpful to her argument.  For example, she uses a study of nearly 500 first year females from a Northeastern College.  This study was a year long and checked in with each of the women when they first arrived onto the campus, after each semester, and at the end of summer before the start of their second year.  In this study supports other studies and shows that around 10% of the group was sexually assaulted each semester.  McCauley also points out that around 21% of high school girls and about 11% of high school men that were polled had experienced dating violence (sexual or physical) within the 12 months before the poll was taken.  She points out that it is important to remember that those who have been assaulted  before are more likely to be assaulted again.  This is a very fact based article, which I think will be important for the Research Assignments, because it gives a lot of statistics about sexual assault on college campuses.

McCauley, Heather L., Sc. D. “College Sexual Assault: A Call for Trauma-Informed Prevention.” Journal of Adolescent Health 56.6 (2015): 584-85. Science Direct. Web. 23 Sept. 2016. <http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2015.03.012>.                          

It Happens Photo Series

Final Picture in the It Happens Series

Final Picture in the It Happens Series

This article contains mostly images, but these images create an all too real story that is creating an argument. The photographer, Yana Mazurkevich, says that these images were her reaction to Brock Turner’s release after three months locked up. Mazurkevich told Buzzfeed that she wanted these images to create the feeling of a freeze frame taken during the act of a sexual assault. Mazurkevich explains that through personal experiences and the experiences of people she was close to, she had become pissed off and wanted to show people what is happening and how it can happen anywhere to anyone. She has her models look cold and almost lifeless, which highlights not only the act of sexual assault but how it affects people during and after. She is proud that her work has not only made people think about what is happening in the world around them, but has also gotten people to speak out and speak about this issue of sexual assault, which in the past have been seen as a taboo topic. This article is really important for the subject of social issues, and can help with our future papers, because it had a strong Pathos argument, but also has the facts and logic in the brief statements that are seen on each photo.

Cho, Kassey. “A College Student Created A Powerful Photo Series Inspired By Brock Turner’s Release.” Buzzfeed News. Buzzfeed Inc., 06 Sept. 2016. Web. 07 Sept. 2016. https://www.buzzfeed.com/kassycho/a-college-student-created-a-powerful-photo-series?utm_term=.caWX71m9A#.foqKygZr4

“New Guidance for Sexual-Assault Investigations”

titleIX govst.eduIn this article, Sieben talks about the Title IX act, which explains to how schools are to respond to sexual assault.  Title IX must be present at educational facilities that receive Federal Government funding.  Sieben mentions that Vice President Joe Biden and Education Secretary Arne Duncan will be reading a letter, at the University of New Hampshire, giving more details on how schools are to deal with Sexual Harassment and Sexual Violence complaints.  The goal of this letter is to give students a safe environment to live and learn in.  The letter gives institutions step-by-step instructions on how to handle different situations.  For example, when a case is being investigated but law-enforcement agencies, the school must still fulfill it’s Title IX duties.  It also is also getting schools to think of complaints as “more likely than not” standard of evidence, rather than “needing” clear cut evidence.   Sieben also gives the statistics that about 20% of women and around 6% of men are sexually assaulted on college campuses.  Many times legal experts believe that sexual allegations, on college campuses, do not have enough evidence to make them worth pursuing.  Title IX forces the colleges to take action, even when the judicial systems don’t find it worth their time.  This article has great information that can help with the research portion of our papers in the future.

Sieben, Lauren. “Education Dept. Issues New Guidance for Sexual-Assault Investigations.” The Chronicle of Higher Education 15 Apr. 2011. Academic OneFile. Web. 6 Sept. 2016. http://ezproxy.rollins.edu:2048/login?url=+http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?p=AONE&sw=w&u=wint47629&v=2.1&id=GALE%7CA253885328&it=r&asid=66b93e5c7b3e895e8d4cdee4f95bb671